Cooperatove Conservation Project

Saving Willamette Valley Species with CPR

Speedy Recovery of Listed Species in the Willamette Valley

Location: Far West Region: Oregon

Project Summary: The Cross Program Recovery Initiative (CPR) Initiative focuses on 11 listed and unlisted species where significant recovery is achievable over the next five years.
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Fender's blue butterfly on Kincaid's lupine
Resource Challenge

Efforts to recover, delist, and preclude the need to list species must start with stabilizing the threatened habitats upon which these species depend.  The Willamette Valley contains over 70% of Oregon’s human population, and over 95% of the Valley is in private ownership.  In this same area, over 95 % of native habitats (upland and wet prairies) have been lost to development, degraded, or converted to agriculture, resulting in 17 Federally-listed species and over 50 species of concern. By 2050, the human population in the Valley is expected to nearly doubled to 4 million. While the numbers are daunting, there are numerous and ongoing opportunities to secure species and habitat recovery through voluntary cooperation with landowners.


The purpose of Cross Program Recovery Initiative (CPR) is to better use the expertise and resources from multiple U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) and Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) programs (especially the Wetlands Reserve Program and Partners for Fish and Wildlife) to recover listed species and prevent future listings, by restoring native habitats.  The CPR Initiative focuses on 11 listed and unlisted species (Oregon chub, lamprey, Golden paintbrush, Fender’s blue butterfly, Kincaid’s lupine, Willamette daisy, Bradshaw’s desert parsley, Nelson’s checkermallow, Mardon skipper, Taylor’s checkerspot, streaked horned lark), where significant recovery is achievable over the next five years.  These programs use existing partnerships and develop new ones, internal and external to the Federal government, to implement practical on-the-ground actions that will lead to recovery.  The three Willamette Valley National Wildlife Refuges serve as demonstration areas for high quality habitat restoration and species recovery. 

Examples of Key Partners
  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service programs, including Ecological Services, Refuges, Fisheries and Habitat Conservation, Migratory Birds and State Programs, and External Affairs
  • Natural Resources Conservation Service  
  • Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife
  • Oregon State University Extension Service
  • Institute of Applied Ecology
  • Greenbelt Land Trust Native Seed Network
  • The Nature Conservancy
  • Polk County Soil & Water Conservation District
  • Benton County Natural Areas & Parks
  • Benton County Soil & Water Conservation District
  • Lane County Soil & Water Conservation District
  • McKenzie River Trust ( Green Island )
Results and Accomplishments

Taking one of many examples, in the past two years, over $3.8 million of FWS funds have leveraged over $11.2 million to produce lasting partnerships for on-the-ground recovery actions for the Federally-listed Columbian white-tailed deer and 6 other listed species.  These actions include habitat restoration, reintroduction of species, invasive species control, species surveys, and habitat assessments.  These efforts are expected to result in a proposal to delist the Columbian white-tailed deer in 2006.  Two other species, the Oregon chub and Nelson’s checkermallow, are focal species for 2005. These species have the potential for reclassification and delisting over the next 5 years.


This initiative goes beyond traditional institutional divisions, and recognizes the value of integrating FWS and NRCS priorities and budget performance measures to achieve speedy recovery of species in targeted geographic areas. CPR also mixes internal cooperation and collaborative efforts with others outside the Service to produce effective conservation for a range of species, while providing landowners with assurances that their livelihoods need not conflict with species and habitat conservation.

Project Contact
Vicki Finn
Fisheries Restoration and Recovery Team Leader
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
911 NE 11th Avenue
Portland, OR 97232
(503) 872-2763
Douglas Spencer
Project Leader and Willamette Valley Coordinator
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Willamette Valley National Wildlife Refuge Complex 26208 Finley Refuge Road
Corvallis, OR 97333-9533
(541) 757-7236

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